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This article is somewhat out of date. Community members are encouraged to retest the instructions on a more recent Ubuntu version, and to import Odroid setup instructions into the wiki.
This topic shows how to stream video from a camera (Logitech C920) attached to a companion computer (Odroid C1) to another computer (over wifi) and display in QGroundControl.
The hardware setup is shown in the figure below. 它由以下部分组成:
- Odroid C1
- Logitech 摄像头 C920
- WiFi 模块 TP-LINK TL-WN722N
The instructions were tested on Ubuntu 14.04 but a similar approach should work for later Ubuntu versions.
To install the Linux environment (Ubuntu 14.04), follow the instruction given in the Odroid C1 tutorial (wayback machine). The tutorial also shows how to access the Odroid C1 with a UART cable and how to establish Ethernet connection.
The Odroid C1 can be powered via the 5V DC jack. If the Odroid is mounted on a drone, it is recommended to solder two pins next to the 5V DC jack by applying the through-hole soldering method as shown in the figure below. The power is delivered by connecting the DC voltage source (5 V) via a jumper cable (red in the image above) with the Odroid C1 and connect the ground of the circuit with a jumper cable (black in the image above) with a ground pin of the Odroid C1 in the example setup.
In this this tutorial the WiFi module TP-LINK TL-WN722N is used. To enable WiFi connection for the Odroid C1, follow the steps described in the Odroid C1 tutorial in the section Establishing wifi connection with antenna.
This sections shows how to set up the Odroid C1 such that it is an access point. The content is taken from the pixhawk.org "access point" tutorial (no longer available) with some small adaptions. To enable to stream the video from the camera via the Odroid C1 to the QGroundControl that runs on a computer it is not required to follow this section. However, it is shown here because setting up the Odroid C1 as an access point allows to use the system in a stand-alone fashion. The TP-LINK TL-WN722N is used as a WiFi module.
In the following steps it is assumed that the Odroid C1 assigns the name wlan0 to your WiFi module. Change all occurrences of wlan0 to the appropriate interface if different (e.g. wlan1).
For a more in depth explanation, you can look at RPI-Wireless-Hotspot
Install the necessary software
sudo apt-get install hostapd udhcpd
Configure DHCP. Edit the file
start 192.168.2.100 #这是热点将为客户端设备提供的IP范围。 end 192.168.2.200 interface wlan0 # 设备 uDHCP 侦听。 remaining yes opt dns 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 # 客户端会使用的 DNS 服务器（如果路由通过以太网链接）。 opt subnet 255.255.255.0 opt router 192.168.2.1 # wlan0 上的机载计算机的 IP 地址， 也就是我们稍后会设置的。 opt lease 864000 # 10 天 DHCP 租约时间，以秒为单位
All other 'opt' entries should be disabled or configured properly if you know what you are doing.
Edit the file
/etc/default/udhcpd and change the line:
You will need to give the Onboard Computer a static IP address. Edit the file
/etc/network/interfaces and replace the line
iface wlan0 inet dhcp (or
iface wlan0 inet manual) to:
auto wlan0 iface wlan0 inet static address 192.168.2.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.2.0 broadcast 192.168.2.255 wireless-power off
Disable the original (WiFi Client) auto configuration. Change the lines (they probably will not be all next to each other or may not even be there at all):
allow-hotplug wlan0 wpa-roam /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf iface default inet dhcp
#allow-hotplug wlan0 #wpa-roam /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf #iface default inet dhcp
If you have followed the Odroid C1 tutorial (originally pixhawk.org) to set up the WiFi connection, you might have created the file
/etc/network/intefaces.d/wlan0. Please comment out all lines in that file such that those configurations have no effect anymore.
Configure HostAPD: To create a WPA-secured network, edit the file
/etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf (create it if it does not exist) and add the following lines:
auth_algs=1 channel=6 # 要使用的通道 hw_mode=g ieee80211n=1 # 802.11n 假设你的设备支持它 ignore_broadcast_ssid=0 interface=wlan0 wpa=2 wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK wpa_pairwise=TKIP rsn_pairwise=CCMP # 更改至正确的驱动 driver=nl80211 # 如果需要的话，把下面两项改成别的名字和密码 ssid=OdroidC1 wpa_passphrase=QGroundControl
wpa_passphrase= to values of your choice. SSID is the hotspot's name which is broadcast to other devices, channel is what frequency the hotspot will run on, wpa_passphrase is the password for the wireless network. For many more options see the file
/usr/share/doc/hostapd/examples/hostapd.conf.gz. Look for a channel that is not in use in the area. You can use tools such as wavemon for that.
Edit the file
/etc/default/hostapd and change the line:
Your Onboard Computer should now be hosting a wireless hotspot. To get the hotspot to start on boot, run these additional commands:
sudo update-rc.d hostapd enable sudo update-rc.d udhcpd enable
This is enough to have the Onboard Computer present itself as an Access Point and allow your ground station to connect. If you truly want to make it work as a real Access Point (routing the WiFi traffic to the Onboard Computer’s Ethernet connection), we need to configure the routing and network address translation (NAT). Enable IP forwarding in the kernel:
sudo sh -c "echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward"
To enable NAT in the kernel, run the following commands:
sudo iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE sudo iptables -A FORWARD -i eth0 -o wlan0 -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT sudo iptables -A FORWARD -i wlan0 -o eth0 -j ACCEPT
To make this permanent, run the following command:
sudo sh -c "iptables-save > /etc/iptables.ipv4.nat"
Now edit the file /etc/network/interfaces and add the following line to the bottom of the file:
up iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.ipv4.nat
To install gstreamer packages on the computer and on the Odroid C1 and start the stream, follow the instruction given in the QGroundControl README.
If you cannot start the stream on the Odroid with the uvch264s plugin, you can also try to start it with the v4l2src plugin:
gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video0 ! video/x-h264,width=1920,height=1080,framerate=24/1 ! h264parse ! rtph264pay ! udpsink host=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx port=5000
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address where QGC is running.
If you get the system error:
Permission denied, you might need to prepend
sudoto the command above.
Alternatively add the current user to the
video group as shown below (and then logout/login):
sh sudo usermod -aG video $USER
If everything works, you should see the video stream on the bottom left corner in the flight-mode window of QGroundControl as shown in the screenshot below.
If you click on the video stream, the satellite map is shown in the left bottom corner and the video is shown in the whole background.