按照定义的工作流向 px4 添加功能。 为了在 px4 上分享您的贡献, 您可以遵循此示例。
- 如果您还没有注册，请先Sign up Github 账户
- 创建固件分支 (见 here)
Clone your forked repository to your local computer
sh cd ~/wherever/ git clone https://github.com/<your git name>/Firmware.git
Go into the new directory, initialize and update the submodules, and add the original upstream Firmware
sh cd Firmware git submodule update --init --recursive git remote add upstream https://github.com/PX4/Firmware.git
You should have now two remote repositories: One repository is called upstream that points to the PX4 Firmware, and one repository that points to your forked repository of the PX4 repository.
This can be checked with the following command:
sh git remote -v
Make the changes that you want to add to the current master.
Create a new branch with a meaningful name that represents your feature
sh git checkout -b <your feature branch name> you can use the command
git branchto make sure you're on the right branch.
Add your changes that you want to be part of the commit by adding the respective files
sh git add <file name> If you prefer having a GUI to add your files see
Commit the added files with a meaningful message explaining your changes
sh git commit -m "<your commit message>" For a good commit message, please refer to
- Some time might have passed and the upstream master has changed. PX4 prefers a linear commit history and uses git rebase. To include the newest changes from upstream in your local branch, switch to your master branch
sh git checkout master Then pull the newest commits from upstream master
sh git pull upstream master Now your local master is up to date. Switch back to your feature branch sh git checkout <your feature branch name> and rebase on your updated master sh git rebase master
Now you can push your local commits to your forked repository
sh git push origin <your feature branch name>
You can verify that the push was successful by going to your forked repository in your browser:
https://github.com/<your git name>/Firmware.git
There you should see the message that a new branch has been pushed to your forked repository.
- Now it's time to create a pull request (PR). On the right hand side of the "new branch message" (see one step before), you should see a green button saying "Compare & Create Pull Request". Then it should list your changes and you can (must) add a meaningful title (in case of a one commit PR, it's usually the commit message) and message (explain what you did for what reason. Check other pull requests for comparison)
- You're done! Responsible members of PX4 will now have a look at your contribution and decide if they want to integrate it. Check if they have questions on your changes every once in a while.
To get the source code for a specific older release:
Clone the Firmware repo and navigate into Firmware directory:
sh git clone https://github.com/PX4/Firmware.git cd Firmware
List all releases (tags)
sh git tag -l
Checkout code for particular tag (e.g. for tag 1.7.4beta)
sh git checkout v1.7.4beta
There are several ways to update a submodule. Either you clone the repository or you go in the submodule directory and follow the same procedure as in Contributing code to PX4.
This is required after you have done a PR for a submodule X repository and the bug-fix / feature-add is in the current master of submodule X. Since the Firmware still points to a commit before your update, a submodule pull request is required such that the submodule used by the Firmware points to the newest commit.
Make a new branch that describes the fix / feature for the submodule update:
sh git checkout -b pr-some-fix
Go to submodule subdirectory
sh cd <path to submodule>
PX4 submodule might not necessarily point to the newest commit. Therefore, first checkout master and pull the newest upstream code.
sh git checkout master git pull upstream master
Go back to Firmware directory, and as usual add, commit and push the changes.
sh cd - git add <path to submodule> git commit -m "Update submodule to include ..." git push upstream pr-some-fix
You can test someone's pull request (changes are not yet merged) even if the branch to merge only exists on the fork from that person. Do the following:
git fetch upstream pull/<PR ID>/head:<branch name>
PR ID is the number right next to the PR's title (without the #) and the
<branch name> can also be found right below the
PR ID, e.g.
<the other persons git name>:<branch name>. After that you can see the newly created branch locally with
Then switch to that branch
git checkout <branch name>
After having done the first PR, people from the PX4 community will review your changes. In most cases this means that you have to fix your local branch according to the review. After changing the files locally, the feature branch needs to be rebased again with the most recent upstream/master. However, after the rebase, it is no longer possible to push the feature branch to your forked repository directly, but instead you need to use a force push:
git push --force-with-lease origin <your feature branch name>
If a conflict occurs during a
git rebase, please refer to this guide.
If a conflict occurs during a
git pull, please refer to this guide.
The build error
Error: PX4 version too low, expected at least vx.x.x occurs if git tags are out of date.
This can be solved by fetching the upstream repository tags:
git fetch upstream --tags